Beauty, singularity and diversity, just some of the qualities that best define Madidi, the most biologically diverse protected area in the world. With less than 0.0037% of the planet’s surface, Madidi holds 3% of the world’s plants, 3.75% of its vertebrates and 11% of the world’s bird species. Thus, Madidi holds the largest percentage of plants and animals in Bolivia: 60% of the flora and 66% of the vertebrates, with a whopping 76% of the birds.

How is this incredible and record-breaking diversity explained? Madidi has a unique climate, topography and altitudinal range (180 to 6,040 meters above sea level) that has resulted in spectacular habitat diversity and thus numerous species of plants and animals. Madidi is vital for the conservation of numerous species of wildlife (at least 2,000 vertebrates), many of which are threatened at a continental scale. Of course, Madidi also holds breathtaking invertebrate diversity, but the varieties of butterflies, dragonflies, bees, ants, beetles, grasshoppers and spiders is still poorly understood.

Many emblematic species of wildlife with regionally significant populations in Madidi are threatened at the continental level, for example, Andean deer, Andean bear, jaguar, giant otter, black spider monkey, marsh deer, maned Wolf, Andean condor, harpy Eagle, black caiman, river turtles and land tortoises.