@WCS Malaysia
Photo Credit: @WCS Malaysia


The Endau-Rompin Landscape (ERL) is approximately 3,600 km² and ranges across two Southern states in Peninsular Malaysia: Johor and Pahang. The ERL includes the protected areas, permanent forest reserves (PRFs), logging concessions, villages, various types of forest plantations and other state-owned lands. The protected areas of approximately 890 km² are the contiguous state parks of Endau-Rompin Pahang State Park and Endau-Rompin Johor National Park. The ERL is one of the three tiger source sites in Malaysia and home to the endangered Asian elephant. It is also home to a host of other endangered wildlife such as Sunda pangolins, flat-headed cats, white-handed gibbons and Malayan tapirs. The ERL landscape is an important habitat for the highly priced agarwood (Aquilaria spp).

WCS Malaysia commenced work in the Johor part of ERL in 2007 and subsequently expanded into the neighboring state of Pahang in 2010, focusing on anti-poaching activities, tiger and elephant population monitoring, outreach and awareness, and human-wildlife conflict mitigation.


The Endau-Rompin landscape is under threat of poaching of elephants, tigers and their prey by both local and foreign poachers. Forest conversion which leads to loss of habitat and human-wildlife conflicts are direct threats to the wildlife living within the landscape.

To ensure that the wild populations are conserved, effective management and protection of elephants, tigers and their habitats within ERL and the surrounding areas are imperative.


Asian elephants

  • Detection and mapping of barriers to elephant movement.
  • Protecting elephant habitat through detection of encroachment, forest conversion and other forms of land-use change using remote sensing monitoring and field inspections.
  • Protecting elephant populations from direct threats including hunting, trapping and snaring by conducting regular patrolling, using SMART patrol management systems.
  • Organizing basic conservation education programs for Orang Asli communities within the ERL while maintaining established links with the communities.

Malayan tigers

  • Anti-poaching enforcement activities including multi-agency enforcement operations, enforcement training and anti-poaching patrols.
  • Installing camera traps for anti-poaching surveillance.
  • Biological monitoring through camera traps.

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