First evidence of colonization by Common Myna Acridotheres tristis in Jordan, 2013–2014
Khoury, F.;Alshamlih, M.
Ecologically, invasive animal species alter the abundance and diversity of native species by predation and competition and alter ecosystem functions and energy influxes jeopardizing the existence of native species (Strayer et al 2006, Ehrenfeld 2010, Ricciardi et al 2013). Invasive species are introduced either incidentally eg passive transfer in ballast water or intentionally to procure some supposed benefit. Incidental introduction of birds is either by pet trade escapees or passive relocation on freighters and ships. The Common Myna Acridotheres tristis is considered by IUCN as one of the world’s most invasive alien bird species (Lowe et al 2000).The natural distribution of the Common Myna ranges from central to southeastern Asia (Feare & Craig 1998). It has been introduced either intentionally or unintentionally to various parts of the world including the Arabian peninsula and parts of the Levant, where it has established colonies, mainly in gardens and parks in urbanized areas (Porter et al 1996, Holzapfel et al 2006). The man-made habitats colonized by Common Myna in the Middle East apparently resemble the tropical and sub-tropical habitats found in its natural range (Holzapfel et al 2006).

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